My Dissertation

Although it has been done for a few months now, I realized I never posted my dissertation here. So here it is, enjoy!

USING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES TO ADVANCE A PARTICIPATORY CULTURE:
A STUDY FROM A HIGHER EDUCATION CONTEXT

Advances in information and communications technologies (ICTs) have empowered individuals to share their intellectual, cultural, and creative expressions with wider and more diverse audiences than ever before. This has been made possible by a variety of factors, but most saliently by what has been termed Web 2.0, which is a set of design patterns for structuring websites so that they can be actively shaped and influenced by the interactions and contributions of users (e.g., YouTube, Facebook, and MySpace). These changes have been described as creating the conditions necessary for shifting society from a consumer culture to a participatory culture. This emerging cultural formation has been hypothesized to have a great deal of potential for advancing education and learning by moving the locus of activity from existing power relationships (consumer/producer, expert/novice, and teacher/student) to one that focuses on the individual’s empowerment and willingness to construct and contribute to one’s cultural and physical reality. Despite this potential, there is little research that looks to understand how such ICTs deployed into specific communities do (or do not) make possible these goals.

This study aims to understand the relationship between ICTs and their potential for creating and sustaining a participatory culture, particularly by pointing to a set of factors that highlight the existence of and mediate involvement in a participatory culture. To understand this relationship, this study analyzes an Web 2.0 technology that was used electively by a graduate school community for a two-year period of time (September 6, 2006 to September 6, 2008) by N=2,580 students, faculty and staff. The factors that mediate involvement include: communication across organizational structures, spaces for alternative discourses to develop and integrating interpersonal networks. The study concludes that Web 2.0 technologies promote the formation of participatory cultures by making the cultural, intellectual, and creative work of a community visible, and that visibility in turn encourages individuals to participate.

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Fall 2009 Classes

I am teaching two classes this Fall at Pratt: Digital Libraries (LIS 693) and Library Use and Instruction (LIS 673). Here are the details on each:

Digital Libraries [ Download Syllabus ]
This course will cover the theoretical, practical and technical aspects involved in creating, using, and deploying digital libraries. Students will study the evolution of digital libraries, consider the relationship between digital libraries and their socio-technical environment, and collaboratively design a digital library or a new program or service related to digital libraries. Students will be asked to think creatively and critically about the future of digital libraries and where to best direct future development effort.

Library Use Instruction [ Download Syllabus ]
Education in libraries has focused extensively on: 1) bibliographic instruction (e.g., teaching patrons how to use the library resources), as well as 2) information literacy (e.g., teaching skills needed to evaluate and use information). This course will consider teaching and learning in these areas, but also ask student to think creatively and critically about new areas where teaching and learning could be applied. Essential questions include: 1) how can we make libraries more educational?, and 2) what methods are best used to achieve this goal? Student will engage in a design project that will ask students to collaboratively design a “filter” to help individuals and communities deal with the feelings of “information overload,” and then teach the class how to use this filter.